HRW asks Cameroon to protect prisoners from cholera outbreak
Human Rights Watch says at least six inmates in Cameroon's second-largest jail have died from cholera since March.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Saturday asked Cameroon to protect prisoners from a cholera outbreak, saying at least six inmates had died in the country's second-largest jail since March.
According to Cameroon's Health Minister, 105 people have died in the outbreak since October.
The disease has been identified in six of the country's 10 regions, including the troubled South-West, where the health system has been severely affected by the violent crisis between government forces and armed groups.
"At least six inmates in Cameroon's second largest jail, the New Bell prison in Douala, have died since March," Human Rights Watch confirmed in a statement.
"The latest victim, 30-year-old political prisoner Rodrigue Ndagueho Koufet, died on April 7," it said.
HRW warned that "the death toll could rise substantially in the overcrowded facility which currently houses about 4,700 prisoners, four times its capacity -- most of whom are in pretrial detention, in violation of international norms."
"Hygienic conditions are deplorable"
Cholera is an acute form of diarrhea that is treatable with antibiotics and hydration but can kill within hours if left untreated.
It is caused by a germ that is typically transmitted by poor sanitation. People become infected when they swallow food or water carrying the bug.
A man that was held in the same cell as Koufet told Human Rights Watch, "We are 50 squeezed in a 9 square meters cell. There's no drinking water, and the hygienic conditions are deplorable."
Between 1.3 & four million cases around the world
Outbreaks occur periodically in Cameroon. The last epidemic was between January and August 2020, when 66 people died.
The World Health Organization (WHO) pointed out that in early 2021, there were between 1.3 million and four million cases of cholera per year around the world, leading to between 21,000 and 143,000 deaths.
"This cholera outbreak shows how quickly abysmal prison conditions become life-threatening," HRW considered.
The human rights group pointed out that "Cameroon has an obligation under international law to ensure all detainees are held in humane and dignified conditions and to guarantee their right to health."